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SABİRS

DATELINE

Time

Events

750 BC

Hesiod, 7th Century BC, writes: Inventors of bronze working were Scythians. The early Messopotamian name for metal is Zubur, indicating that northern Messopotamian Subartuans or a people of that region were indeed inventors of process.

124 BC

Asi (Yazig), Pasiani (Budini/Beçen/Besenyo/Peçenek), Tocharian, Sabir (Sabaroi) tribes break into Sogdiana and Baktria. In next five years two Parthian emperors loose their lives in wars. Later Sakauraka (Türkic ‘Saka-farmers’) tribe is also conquered by them.

139 AD

Ptolemy (83?-161? AD) writes that in European Sarmatia ‘below Agathyrsi (Akatsirs, Türkic agach ers ‘forest people’) live Savari (Türkic Suvars), between Basternae and Rhoxolani (Tr. Uraksy Alans, i.e. ‘Alans-farmers’) live Huns

420

WHITE HUN EMPIRE 420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur)
Area - Half of northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan
(Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)

450

Per Priscus, Sabirs conquered lands of Onogurs, Saragurs and Ugors in steppes around north-western Caspian coast.

453

To Ellak, eldest of brothers, Atilla’s sons, was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Sabirs. To Tengiz (Dengizik), was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Kutrigurs. To Bel-Kermek (Hernach), youngest, was given ulus (Oguz) of a horde called Utigurs.

454

Coalition of Germanic clans defeats and kills Ellak in battle. Sabirs without Ellak retreat to the East, through Pontic Steppes, to Daghestan. Kutriguri and Utiguri under Bel-Kermek (Hernach), fell back to 'Ugol' place that corresponds to Bessarabia.

469

Western Hunnish clans retreated. Utigurs to Azov-Taman SE of Sea of Azov. Kutrigurs to between Dniepr and Don Rivers, NW from Sea of Azov Utigurs. Sabirs in Daghestan SE of other two Hunnic hordes, between Daryal Gorge and Kuma River on the Caspian Sea.

505

Sabirs from Pannonia begin to immigrate to North Caucasus and Itil valley

505

Sabirs created a powerful federation of akin tribes, "Kingdom of Huns". They were populous and had an army of 20,000 well equipped cavalrymen. They were masters of art of war and build siege machines unknown even to Persians and Byzantines.

552

End of WHITE HUN EMPIRE 420 - 552 A.D
Founder - Aksuvar (Aksungur)
Area - Half of northern India, Afghanistan, parts of Turkistan
(Total Area - 3,500,000 Km2)

552

Sabirs switch from allying with Iran to Byzantine and conquer Agvania. Byzantine conquer Italy

554

Persians defeat Sabirs in Agvania.

558

Avars first crushed Türkic Sabirs, allies of Byzantine, who lived on Kuma river and in Dagestan. Avars then crushed Uturgurs, a Bolgarian tribe and also allies of Byzantine, living between Itil and Don, then crushed Zals and Ants on both sides of Don.

558

Invading Avars attack Hunno-Bulgars. Utiguri, Kutriguri, and Sabiri conquered (559-560).

558

Avars defeat Sabirs in N Caucasus

558

Avarian embassy to Byzantium. Avars defeat Sabirs and Ants.

560

Avar Khaganate extended from Itil to mouth of Danube. Bolgars are split, with Kuturgur Huns (also listed are Onogundurs (10 Oghur Confederation), Hunnogurs, Sabirs belonging to Avar Khaganate, and Utugur Huns (30 Oghur) and Khazars loyal to W. Khaganate

561

Sosroi Nushirvan crushes Sibirs

565

Avars subjugate Hunnugur and Sabir, and other Hunnic hordes, assimilating them under Avar Khaganate.

565

After defeat of their forces by Avars, Khazars took lead in Sabir-Khazar federation. Part of Sabirs move north, to Middle Itil region, among settled there Bolgarian tribes. Their main city Suvar is a great center of Itil Bolgaria.

610

Future Gokturk’s Sibir-Khan (14), Mokhodu, of the most western ulus, is baptized in Constantinople. This starts his fight with Buri-shad (34) (610-618) and Tardu Yabgu (Tun(g)-Yabgu) (23) (618-630). Kubrat is not baptized.

630

Gokturk Kaganate’s Sibir-Khan (14) recognized independence of Bolgaria under Kubrat of Dulo dynasty, his nephew of feminine line.

630

Qarluqs rebel against Gokturk Kaganate, Tung Yabgu (23) dies, W. Kaganate split, SW and NE. SW run by Nushibis, under Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) (631-631), installed by Nishu Khan Shad (32), son of Baga Shad (24). NE run by Tele (Dulu), under Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) (630-631).

631

Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) replaced by Nishu Khan Shad (32) as Dulu Khan (631-634). Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) killed. W. Gokturk Kaganate reunited.

635

Kubrat escaped dominance of Gokturks and Khazars, by supporting Sibir-Khan in 630. He became independent, defeated Avars. Controlled area near Pontic steppes

882

Khan Alabuga of a Baryn line of Sabans starts a city, named later Bilyar.

895

Itil Bolgaria census lists 550K, 200K are Saban-speaking Bulgars, 180K-Ars (Udmurts, Finno-Ugors), 170K-Modjars

922

City Nur-Suvar founded (922-1246). Present name Tatarskiy (Sham-Suar).

930

Itil Bulgaria has 30 cities. Khasan built: Matak, Nukrat, Bandja (Samara ) (Center of Mardan-Bellak ulus), Bulyar (citadel in Bilyar), Kamysh, Simbir, Gazan-Deber, Kashan, Tukhcha, Tau-Kerman (Sviyajsk), Tash-Bolgar, Subash-Simbir, Karadjar, Djilan

1246

City Nur-Suvar destroyed (922-1246). Present name Tatarskiy (Sham-Suar).

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